(1) (j) “Civilian objects” mean all objects which are not military objectives, as defined in Rule 1 (y).
- This definition is based on Art. 52 (1) of AP/I, which defines civilian objects in the negative as “all objects which are not military objectives” as defined in Art. 52 (2) of AP/I. For the definition of military objectives, see Rule 1 (y) and Section E.
- The civilian character of an object can be lost through location, purpose or use. For instance, a moun-tain pass is a civilian object but loses its character once it becomes militarily important by virtue of its location (see Rule 22 (b)). Similarly, a residence is a civilian object, but becomes a military objective if used to billet troops (see Rule 22 (d)). Finally, a civilian ocean liner being fitted for intended future use as a military troop transport qualifies as a military objective by purpose (see Rule 22 (c)).
- Art. 52 (2) of AP/I, see fn. 99.
Categories: Section A: Definitions